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語言學習技巧 | 每天學十五分鐘比一周五小時更有效

Time:2018-03-03   Number of visitors:
最近一項研究發現,在外語學習過程中,高頻次短時段的學習比低頻次長時段更加有效,也就是說堅持一天練習十五分鐘,比一周一次,每次干坐在書桌前五小時有用得多。
 
同時,將外語學習生活化、場景化也是一個提高外語水平的好方法,例如把手機電腦的常用語言設置為你正在學習的外語語種。
 
除了以上兩點,該研究還提供了一些其他的語言學習小技巧,小沃在此也和大家分享,希望能助正在學習外語的大家一臂之力:
 
Double Up With Exercise
加倍練習
A recent study found that studying a foreign language while exercising can boost your comprehension, as well as your retention of knowledge.This is truly a case of killing two birds with one stone.
最近的一項研究發現,練習時學習外語可以提高你的理解力和對知識的保存能力,這確實是一舉兩得。
 
Be Deliberate With Your Timing
考慮時機
It's far more effective to practice for 15 minutes a day, every day, than it is to practice for five hours once a week.Spaced repetition is a learning technique that's been in favor for decades, and it's been studied and shown to be more efficient than rote repetition. Spaced repetition works because the brain tends to reinforce memories of things it encounters frequently.
一天練習十五分鐘,每天堅持。這樣比每次練習五個小時,一周一次更加有效。間隔性重復是一個受歡迎了幾十年的學習技巧,它被研究證明比死記硬背更有效。間隔性重復有效果是因為大腦更易對經常遇見的事物加強記憶。
 
360-Degree Immersion
360度耳濡目染
You can change the display language on your computer or phone, watch foreign-language movies and shows, visit websites in your target language.
You can also listen to foreign-language podcasts or cover your entire house with post-it notes in your new language.
 
你可以改變你電腦和手機上的顯示語言,觀看外語電影和節目,訪問目標語言的網站。你也可以聽外語播客或用你所學的新語言寫便條,覆蓋你的整個房子。
 
Make It Personal
使語言生活化
For the most bang for your buck, you'll want to start by memorizing the most commonly used words in your new language.Beyond that, you might be better off memorizing vocabulary that pertains to your interests. 
Not only are you more likely to remember it — but you're also more likely to use it and talk about it. You can also create neural connections between topics that interest you and the language you're learning.
為了獲得最大的收益,你需要先記住你所學的新語言中最常用的單詞,除此之外,你最好記住與你興趣相關的詞匯。你不僅更容易記住它,而且你更可能使用它并談論它。你也可以在你感興趣的話題和你正在學習的語言之間建立某種聯系。
 
Contextualize It
注意語言的聯系
You go further together than you do alone. That's not just our way of encouraging you to find a study partner, it's also about creating a larger framework for your learning. Words you learn on their own are easy to forget, but if you study a group of them concurrently in the context of a sentence, you have a much greater ability to grasp the interconnectedness of the language.
一起學習比單獨行動走得更遠。這不僅僅是鼓勵你找到一個學習伙伴的方法,而且是為你的學習創造一個更大的框架。你自己單獨記憶的單詞很容易忘記,但是如果你同時在句子的上下文中學習一組單詞,你有更好的能力來把握語言之間的內在聯系。
 
Deconstruct It
解構語言
You can deconstruct a language using six simple key phrases that reveal how verbs are conjugated based on the speaker, the treatment of direct and indirect objects, fundamental sentence structures, noun cases and more.
你可以用六個簡單的關鍵短語來解構一種語言,它揭示了動詞是如何根據說話者、對直接賓語和間接賓語、基本句子結構、名詞例子和更多的詞進行組合的。
 
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